Point of view is the “eye” or narrative voice through which you tell a story. When you write a story, you must decide who is telling the story, and to whom they are telling it. The story could be told by a character who is involved in the story, or from a perspective that sees and knows all of the characters but is not one of them.
Why is point of view important when reading a text?
Choose 8 poems to fully analyse war poetry (you can include 2 of the poems we have studied + 6 others) Read as many as you can before choosing. Find a link that you want to develop and then choose the poems you will use to prove your point.
FOR THE ONES WHO WANT TO EXPLORE SOMETHING COMPLETELY NEW AND DIFFERENT
Autoethnographies: is a form of qualitative research in which an author uses self-reflection and writing to explore anecdotal and personal experience and connect this autobiographical story to wider cultural, political, and social meanings and understandings.
Read the stories (I can give you access to my drive) Choose 6 stories to explore the life of Latinos writing in English.
How do I love thee? Let me count the ways. I love thee to the depth and breadth and height My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight For the ends of being and ideal grace. I love thee to the level of every day’s Most quiet need, by sun and candle-light. I love thee freely, as men strive for right. I love thee purely, as they turn from praise. I love thee with the passion put to use In my old griefs, and with my childhood’s faith. I love thee with a love I seemed to lose With my lost saints. I love thee with the breath, Smiles, tears, of all my life; and, if God choose, I shall but love thee better after death.
Task 2: What are your first impressions? Make a note of your ideas.
Task 3: Chatterbox (pair work)
Do any words grab your attention?
Are there more nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc? What is the effect of this?
What do you notice about the tense of the verbs? What is the effect of this?
Are there any repeated words that you think might be significant? What is the effect of this?
Are there any word sets that seem linked in some way? What is the effect of this?
What’s the mood and atmosphere? What creates this?
Can you identify words that use the senses? Which senses does the poet tend to focus on? What is the effect of this?
What about the voice of the narrator of the poem?
What do you think the poem is going to be about?
Refrain: a phrase or line that is repeated throughout a poem, often at the end of stanzas.
-What is the REFRAIN in this poem? WHat do you think it means?
Task 5: Watch the videos and watch the prezi presentations. Annotate your poem.
I sat all morning in the college sick bay Counting bells knelling classes to a close. At two o’clock our neighbours drove me home.
In the porch I met my father crying— He had always taken funerals in his stride— And Big Jim Evans saying it was a hard blow.
The baby cooed and laughed and rocked the pram When I came in, and I was embarrassed By old men standing up to shake my hand
And tell me they were ‘sorry for my trouble’. Whispers informed strangers I was the eldest, Away at school, as my mother held my hand
In hers and coughed out angry tearless sighs. At ten o’clock the ambulance arrived With the corpse, stanched and bandaged by the nurses.
Next morning I went up into the room. Snowdrops And candles soothed the bedside; I saw him For the first time in six weeks. Paler now,
Wearing a poppy bruise on his left temple, He lay in the four-foot box as in his cot. No gaudy scars, the bumper knocked him clear.
A four-foot box, a foot for every year.
“Mid–Term Break” describes the aftermath of a tragedy: the speaker’s four-year-old brother has been hit by a car and killed. But the poem doesn’t spend a lot of time describing the accident or memorializing the dead child. Instead, the poem focuses on the way that other people respond to this tragedy.
Analysis of the poem.
TASK 1: Annotate your poem. Be as detailed as possible.
Gennep’s major work was Les Rites de Passage (1909; The Rites of Passage), in which he systematically compared those ceremonies that celebrate an individual’s transition from one status to another within a given society. He found a tripartite sequence in ritual observance: separation, transition, and incorporation.
Definition: A ritual or ceremony signifying an event in a person’s life indicative of a transition from one stage to another, as from adolescence to adulthood.
Passing from not knowing to knowing, from not understanding to understanding, from ignorance to awareness.
5 stages in Rite of Passage
an unattainable object of desire (human quest): a strong desire that needs to be satisfied.
Trespassing (breaking the law of the father or any authority): breaking rules to defeat the authority, to come of age
There should be a DARE (a challenge): to reveal the dark side of oneself (specular moment). Identity is in the process of being constituted.
Mischief (a child’s bad behaviour): this must be accepted with responsibility, in a mature way.
Atonement (to feel sorry for something bad that you did): understand and apologize. To learn from this.
Analyse the following:
“She had lost all the dignity he knew” (p.209)
Why is this a specular moment in the story?
2. the theme of “loss” . Apply evidence from the text.
3. the necessity of forgiveness. Find evidence in the text
4. Death as a moment of epiphany (twice in the story)
Bernard MacLaverty was born in Belfast in 1942, and moved to Scotland in 1975, where he lived in Edinburgh, on the Isle of Islay, and now in Glasgow. After leaving school he became a Medical Laboratory Technician, later studying at Queen’s University, Belfast and becoming an English teacher
As you read, make connections between the writer and Irish Catholicism. What evidence of strong beliefs can you find in the story? (Do some research if necessary)