Vocabulary to create tension and fear

Vocabulary can be used to change the way a reader feels about a scene. By changing just a few key words a setting can be made much more interesting to read. For example, a church might be a typical part of the setting of a ghost story. The vocabulary choices can be used to create a sense of fear for the reader.

Tension and Fear – Amatopia

Collaborative Tasks

Task 1:  come up with at least 3  words/phrases to replace the following words:

afraid- Nice- bad- sad- fear- dark- Big- Small- cold-hot

Task 2: Read the following pages, watch the video and take a look at the poster. Then, prepare a mind map with words and phrases to create a tense and a fearful atmosphere.

Link 1

Link 2

Tools to produce the mindmaps:

Mind maps 1

Mind maps 2

Mind maps 3

Task 3:Create a sentence using the following ‘power’ verbs (always producing fear and tension):

grabbed-snatched- sprinted- scrambled- shouted- screamed- crawled- leapt- strode- yelled- exclaimed- glared

Task 4: Check this link Fear. Choose 5 idioms and write examples in context.

Task 5: Tips for writing a good scary story Read and make a summary to have with you when you write your own scary story!!

Include the 5 tasks in a presentation to share in classroom.

10 Best Writing Prompts for High School English Students

Individual task

Choose one of the following prompts to write a story. Include the vocabulary you have been working on. (600-900 words)

  1. You have had a strange feeling for a few days now. Today you’ve been feeling very energetic and tired at the same time. You sit, exhausted and full of energy, at your desk. Your arm has been itching. It’s killing you now. You look at your forearm and see it for the first time. Something is moving under your skin. It is shifting around. Your muscle spasms and you realize there are dozens moving toward the surface.
  2. You open your eyes to complete darkness. The last thing you remember is the dog running out into the road, the brightness of the day light, and your car headed off the road. As your head clears you realize you are hanging upside down. Your feet and legs are completely mobilized. You can hear something breathing in the room.
  3. Your driving on a country road. It is late at night. You are far from home. You realize, as you check your mirrors, there is a man you do not know, hiding on the floor of your back seat.
  4. It’s 3 am. Your room is dark, but you can see that there is someone, standing at the foot of your bed. You can just make out that he or she is wearing a clown costume, and you are pretty sure, from the glare and the little bit of reflection, that it has a knife.

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There Will Come Soft Rains

Here some analysis of the story in case you need it to write your essay

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Analysing poetry

In pairs/groups you’ll be analysing some poems from Songs of Ourselves!

Flocabulary - Educational Hip-Hop


– themes and tones

-literary devices, explanation, analysis and impact (why the writer uses them

-your opinion on the poem

-any connection with any other poem, story, song you have read/listened to

-highlight important quotes and explain the message there

-explain the title

use images to illustrate it

Vendors — The New York City Poetry Festival
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Music in Literature

Music is Poetry- Freedom in Words ~ Word Traveling

Get in pairs to work with songs

  1. Choose a song that you like and prepare a presentation that includes:

-short biography of the band/singer

-analysis of the song (theme/tone/literary devices)

-explanation of the title

-your opinion on the song (why you like it and your ideas on the theme)

-include a video of the song (there must be something in youtube)

      2. Write an acrostic poem with the TITLE OF THE SONG

Example :                                P






News from English Academy - ENGLISH EDUCATION GROUP
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How to write an essay

What Is a Literary Essay?

A literary analysis essay is an academic assignment that examines and evaluates a work of literature or a given aspect of a specific literary piece. It tells about the big idea or theme of a text you’ve read.

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You are not supposed to write about what the text is about, but to offer a personal response, a piece of literary criticism, a response to an essay question.

Preparing an essay answer

It is obviously going to make a difference whether you are writing the essay for an examination or as coursework, how many words you are expected to write and – in the case of an examination – how long you are given. For this sample, we are assuming an examination answer of 45 minutes, and a target of 350 words or more, depending on writing speed.

In an examination, give yourself ten minutes to plan, and five minutes to check, your answer. You will have to work quickly in the examination, but it is worth planning carefully when you are practising essays.

Pie chart

Structure of an essay

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Use connectors

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Literary devices are things the author uses to tell the story or make a point. They could include alliteration, imagery, metaphors, allusions, allegories, repetition, flashback, foreshadowing, or any number of other devices the author employs to write the story or poem

When you’re reading for pleasure, you’re mainly focused on emotions and visualizations of the scenes and characters. You’ll still pay attention to those elements of the reading process, but you’ll also be analytical towards the book. You’ll consider these elements:

  • Subject
  • Form and Style
  • Main theme and tones
  • Characters’ strengths and flaws
  • Storyline strengths and flaws
  • Point of view
  • etc.

 Inserting quotations

Introducing quotations from Pato_Ch

Task 1: Prepare a post in your blog with a summary on “how to write an essay.

Task 2: Read an essay on the poem FARMHAND and make a chart of good and bad points. (post it in the blog together with task 1)


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Virtual period #3

As we are reading “There Will Come Soft Rains”, I want you to focus on the poem inside the story.

Listen to the poem

There Will Come Soft Rains

Sara Teasdale – 1884-1933

(War Time)

There will come soft rains and the smell of the ground,
And swallows circling with their shimmering sound;

And frogs in the pools singing at night,
And wild plum trees in tremulous white,

Robins will wear their feathery fire
Whistling their whims on a low fence-wire;

And not one will know of the war, not one
Will care at last when it is done.

Not one would mind, neither bird nor tree
If mankind perished utterly;

And Spring herself, when she woke at dawn,
Would scarcely know that we were gone.

Resultado de imagen de there will come soft rains
There Will Come Soft Rains by Bradbury

How is the poem connected to the story?

Here a link to understand the poem: https://www.spotlightnepal.com/2013/03/09/there-will-come-soft-rains/

Post your comment in the blog (Deadline: Tuesday 31)

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Farmhand via #twitter

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All My Sons (irony from page 5 to 11)

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As a literary device, irony is a contrast or incongruity between expectations for a situation and what is reality. This can be a difference between the surface meaning of something that is said and the underlying meaning. It can also be a difference between what might be expected to happen and what actually occurs.

Types of irony

Here a list of all your great comments!! Take them into account, we’ll go back to them later cause some of them foreshadow important events.

“I would love to help humanity on a Warner Brothers salary”; This is an instance of irony as being helping humanity and being solidary is not lucrative. The only way of making profit is being self-centered. The irony is on how its virtually impossible to make money out of helping humanity.

Pat Chujman11:16 AM
Good point Trini!!

“Wanted, old dictionaries. High prices paid. Now what’s a man going to do
with an old dictionary?” I think that this is an instance of irony because they are talking about the little value he thinks that an old dictionary has, but at the same time, why people put high prices on them. However, citizens continue spending their money in these type of products that over the time, get old.

Pat Chujman11:21 AM
Right Oli!! Good work!!

“Except my wife, of course”; In this part, Jim is being ironic as he was talking about how there wasn´t anything pretty to look at in their neighbourhood, and he then mentions this phrase when his wife enters although she was not pretty(as described by th text). He is being ironic as he doesn´t mean his wife is actually pretty, but just says it for the sake of their marital union.

Pat Chujman11:24 AM
yes Trini!! ironic and mean!!

“I don´t suppose she goes around dancing on her toes”; This is another instance of irony as Keller says this about Annie, who was the girl in love with his son who dissappeared a few years ago. He is being ironic as clearly she is not happy, or as he says “dancing on her toes”, and he tries to make her unhappiness light by merely dismissing it.

“ I should be a man, people are always introducing me to beatiful women” I believe what sue’s says is ironic as she will never be a man. men and women always introduce each other and so it doesn’t mean that if you are introduced to pretty women you have to be a man

Pat Chujman11:32 AM
ufff! totally so!! Keep this quote in mind!!! it also foreshadows something…..Trini

Valentina RE11:33 AM
“KELLER: I dont know, I dont read the news part any more. It’s more interesting in the want ads.
FRANK: Why, you trying to buy something?
KELLER: No, I’m just interested. To see what people want, y’know?”
I believe that there is a presence of irony in this quote because generally when people take a look at the want ads section of the newspaper is to buy something, and clearly not to make fun of what people are looking for.
It’s like the meaning and function of the newspaper is lost. They don’t read the news nor the want ads seriously. Moreover, Joe Keller is a business man, which I think means he especially should be looking for things to buy or analyse the price of products.

Pat Chujman11:35 AM
Great Valen!!

Pat Chujman11:38 AM
Good quote Juani!!

“He is just completely out of his mine” I think that there is irony here as you cannot be out of your mind only because you dont believe some things that other person yes. Jim is being exaggerated and at the the same time ironic

Pat Chujman11:40 AM
ironic and hyperbolic

“How can you make him a horoscope? That’s for the future, ain’t it?
I believe that in this quote there is presence of irony as Frank is telling Keller that he is working on Larry’s horoscope, but the fact that Larry is dead makes it ironic because when you work on someone’s horoscope you intend to “predict” their future. In this case there is no future for Larry as they believe he is dead.

Luz Esteban11:42 AM
“ What’s today’s calamity”. At this point, Keller and Frank are discussing the news on the paper. I think this is an instance of irony because Frank considers that the paper contains all bad news, for which he finds it useless to read it. He does that ironic comment in order to emphasize on the paper’s negative viewpoint about everything.

Luz Esteban11:46 AM
“Now what’s he want with two Newfoundland dogs” In this part, Keller is being ironic because he is questioning people’s stupid wants. Under his eyes, he can not understand their desire of wanting, in this case, two dogs. Therefore, he enjoys making fun of it.

Pat Chujman11:46 AM
Great Luli!! Keep that quote in mind

Valentina RE11:47 AM
“”FRANK: Well, a favorable day for a person is a fortunate day, according to his stars. In other words it would be practically imposible for him to have died on his favorable day”.I believe there is a presence of irony as frank is refering to Larry’s favorable day as a day were he did not die. However, if he is not dead, it means that he is missing and away from his family which doesn’t make it a fortunate day at all. Moreover, I believe that it is all based on Kate’s inhability to accept the death of his son.

Pat Chujman11:47 AM
exactly Luz!!! ironic about newspapers

Pat Chujman11:47 AM
Valen!!! great conclusion

It’s so strange- Annie’s here not even married. And I have got three babies” Lydia is being ironic as how could it be that she being jounger has 3 kids and Annies isnt even married being much more older.

Pat Chujman11:49 AM
right Juani

Luz Esteban11:52 AM
“You mean he”ll make a living out of that?”At this point, Frank and Keller are talking about someone being a book collector. Keller is being quite ironic because behind that question, we can clearly understand his point of view; you can not live out of being a book collector. He asks it to Frank although he believes it is not a real profession. He is being ironic about that job.

Pat Chujman11:54 AM
hahahaha, right Luz

‘To see what people want, y’know? For instance here’s a guy is lookin’ for
two Newfoundland dogs. Now what’s he want with two Newfoundland dogs?´ I believe that in this quote there is an instance of irony because Keller in making fun and laughing at people who want strange things and they publish it on the newspaper. Also, because he is not reading about the war itself and the calamities, he prefers something more interesting, people’s strange wishes.

1) “No I’m just interested. To see what people want you know? For isntance, here’s a guy is lookin’ for two newfoundland dogs. Now what’s he want with two Newfoundland dogs?”

2) “Larry was born in August. He’d been twenty-seven this month. And hus tree blows down”.

3)”I saw a movie a couple of weeks ago, reminded me of you. There was a doctor in that picture…” (…)
“I would love to help humanity on a Warner Brothers salary”.

“She enjoys it more when you tell her to lay down”
In this quote we can really sense the ironic tone Sue is using. She is clearly really mad that women call her husband every time they need something. She is clearly tired of this situation, so she makes ironic comments about it.

“ I should be a man, people are always introducing me to beautiful women” Here sue is talking, and she is ironic as she is a girl and she is always introduced with beautiful girls, but not with beautiful boys. So she says that if she was a boy she would be so lucky, but as she is a girl, this is totally ironic.

“Then it can´t rain”: In this quote Jim is being ironic by trying to express how newspapers are always wrong about weather, to an extent that is the newspaper says it is going to rain, it will occur just the opposite.

“I can smell her perfume over the phone”; This quote is ironic as clearly Sue is not smelling the perfume over the phone. The smell is so strong everytime Sue is around Mrs Adams, that she is trying to make emphasis on this fact by saying she is able to smell it over the phone. She is not being realistic.

“Now what´s he want with two Newfoundland dogs”; This quote is ironic as Keller is not able to undertand the stupidity of wanting to buy two Newfoundland dogs, to an extent of publishing an announcement in the newspaper. He laughs of this person´s desire to buy these dogs, as he is not able to understand a reason for this person to buy them.

“Keller: Gonna rain tonight.
Jim: Paper says so?
Keller: Yeah, right here.
Jim: Then it can’t rain.” This quote shows how people didn’t trust what the newspapers announced or predicted, as Jim ironically says that it can’t rain, after hearing that the newspaper was announcing rain for that night

`Jim: He’s alright. He’s just completely out of his mind, that’s all.´
This is a instance of irony as in the same sentase we can percibe to contrasting points. on the one hand Jim says frank is alright and doing fine, referring to the death of his son. While on the other hand he says he is completely out of his mind after frank talks about how his son my be alive depending on his horóscopo.

Pat Chujman12:07 PM
Good point Marcos!!

1) The irony is used to make fun of what people look in newspaper. Keller is making fun of this person who is looking at two identical dogs. He makes fun of this talking with irony, as he can’t understand their thoughts.

2) This phrase said by Frank is also ironic. He is talking about someone who disappeared and would be twenty-seven thus month. He narrates that a tree had just been blown down, implying and saying it(without actually saying it) that the tree is like the person who is “passing away” or being blown away like the tree.

3) Jim uses irony in this phrase to show and make fun of the fact that Frank mentioned a doctor who was supposedly “helping humanity” but earned a very high salary. He laughs at it as its stupid to thunk that earning a huge salary in exchange is helping humanity, expressing that he would also do so.

“In the whole neighbourhood, there’s not a damned thing to look at. {Sue, Jim’s wife, enters. She is rounding forty, an overweight woman who fears it. On seeing her, Jim wryly adds:} except my wife, of course.” This quote shows an instance of irony, as Jim is describing how there are no pretty girls to look at in the neighbourhood, and is forced to make an exception with his wife as she, who is apparently not good looking, enters.

“Completely out of his mind”. This quotation shows an instance of irony due to the fact that it is physically impossible for someone to “go out” of his mind. Therefore, he uses irony to point out the fact he is crazy, delusional or clearly has a problem.

“The block can use a pretty girl. In the whole neighborhood there’s not a damned thing to look at. (…) except my wife, of course”. In this sentence Jim is complaining that there are no pretty girls in his neighborhood. Suddenly, his wife enters and he, ironically, says “except my wife”. This is irony because she is not the stereotype of a “pretty girl” (rounding forty, an overweight woman). Therefore, he is using irony to make a (really bad) joke.

“Then it can’t rain”. In this quotation, Keller tells Jim it is going to rain tonight, due to the forecast the paper gave. Jim, ironically, says it will not rain BECAUSE the paper says it will. He is using irony to make a little critic.

“I would love to help humanity on a Warner Brothers salary” In this one he makes reference that after watching a movie of a doctor, he said that he would love to act as a doctor with that salary, making irony that everyone would love it and that it would be so easy in that situation of such a good salary.

“Jim: {to Keller} If you son wants to play golf tell him I’m ready. Or if he’d like to take a trip around the
world for about thirty years. {he exits} “. In this quote, Jim uses irony to express how he would do anything rather than attending people on the phone, as he tells Keller to tell his son he is ready to do anything he wants, even a trip for 30 years around the world.

Pat Chujman12:18 PM
a lot of comments!! Great work!!

“Except my wife, of course”; I believe this is so ironic, every men and women says this. Jim is an example of this, because he is saying that his wife is the most and only pretty on his neighbourhood. This doesn’t mean that that is true, in the book it is portrayed as he is saying that she is ugly, as described in the book. He only mentions this when she is around him.
“Unless her mouth is full of candy .”. In this way Jim’s wife is being ironic for she does not believe that Mrs .Adams is in such a pain.
“She enjoys it more when you tell her to lay down.” Jim ,Sue’s husband ,as a doctor, should have told Mrs. Adams to lay down, because of her “ pain”but her wife knew she was just calling him up, because she likes him not as a doctor but as a man.

Juan de ELIA12:25 PM
“You mean he’ll make a living out of what?” This question from keller to frank represents irony because keller already knows the answer. He does not Belice that a book colector os a real job.

Juan de ELIA12:28 PM
“He is just completely out of his mind” Jim is exaggerating the situation accusing him of being out of his mind only because he does not think the same things as him. So he is being ironic

+tbraunurien@lascumbres.edu.ar I liked this irony as it helps me imagine the atmosphere, the setting in place. Thanks to Jim’s phrase “In the whole neighbourhood, there’s not a damned thing to look at. Sue, Jim’s wife, enters”, meaning that he chose her wife becase she was the best of few and ugly other women in the zone. This helps me imagine an area with few people, probably in the middle of the field. This visual image is very useful for me to understanding the play.
Resultado de imagen de great work
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Task#2 virtual period

This time, your activity will consist of reading a story

“There Will Come Soft Rains” by Ray Bradbury

Before reading

It is a sci-fi story

The Characteristics of Science Fiction

• Science fiction is often based on scientific principles and technology.
• Science fiction may make predictions about life in the future.
• Science fiction often deals with aliens or with life on other worlds.
• Science fiction can comment on important issues in society.

SCIENCE FICTION (Sci Fi)- stories that often tell about science and technology of the future involving partially true fictions laws or theories of science


  • in the future
  • in space
  • on a different world
  • in a different universe or dimension


Aliens are one of the central characteristics of the science-fiction genre. A sci-fi novel may deal with aliens coming to Earth, humans encountering aliens on space explorations or a number of other variations. However, not all sci-fi stories deal with Aliens.

Space Travel

Space travel is a common element of sci-fi, regardless of whether or not it features contact with aliens. Sometimes, humans wonder whether or not they’re alone in the universe, and what might happen if humans encounter other life forms.

Time Travel

In scientific theory, time travel is possible based on potential technologies utilizing scientific knowledge.

Futuristic Setting or Alternate History

Even if there’s no time travel involved, science fiction novels are often placed in a futuristic setting, while other sci-fi novels feature alternate histories. Whether moving forward or back in time, very few sci-fi novels are set in the present day.

Advanced Technology

Early science fiction writers and editors focused on the hard science of science fiction, and much of that incorporates the development of advanced technology, or creative ways to utilize existing technology.

Dystopia: an imaginary place where people are unhappy and usually afraid because they are not treated fairly.

One common theme of many science fiction novels is a dystopia set sometime in the future. Dystopia sci-fi themes are often used to explore current social issues, and they have very little to do with science, except dystopian fiction that revolves around technological mis-utilization. “Nineteen Eighty-Four” is a good example of a dystopian sci-fi story.

Exploration Of Popular Societal Or Cultural Issues

Much of sci-fi attempts to explore popular social or cultural issues through a sci-fi setting. These issues range from class struggles to misuse of technology, and sci-fi gives voice to the concerns of the society in which they are conceived. Common social issues include a world destroyed by war; a world destroyed by overuse; a world in which the government controls everything; or a world in which genetic experimentation has gone terribly awry.

After Reading

There Will Come Soft Rains kitchen

How is this photo connected to the story?

Leave a comment in  my blog with a powerful quotation to prove your point.

We´ll focus on deep analysis next class

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All My Sons: Act I

Task 1: Based on Arthur Miller’s description of the scene at the very beginning of Act I (pp. 4-6), write whether these statements are true (T) or false (F). Discuss with a partner the information in the text that helps you to come to this conclusion. Indicate the words or phrases that make the statement either true or false.

1. The action of the drama takes place in 1920.
2. It is a wintry, Sunday morning.
3. The house is right in the center of a large city.
4. The backyard of the house does not permit much privacy.
5. There is a big, beautiful apple tree right in the center of the yard.
6. The apple tree is the only tree in sight.
7. It would be easy to have a picnic in the backyard.
8. The architecture in the backyard has no artistic sense to it.
9. Two men of the same age are sitting in the backyard.
10. There is a sign in the backyard that reads “No Smoking Allowed.”

Write your answers in a comment!! (I’ll give you the answers later on)

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Task 2: As you read the play, prepare a list of characters and describe them . (keep the list for you until we finish reading, update the description of characters everytime we read the play)

Play: https://frielingretc.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/all-my-sons-script.pdf

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All My Sons: activities before reading the play

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Before reading the play, let’s have a look at the life of the writer

Read the following pages and take notes of 10 important facts about the writer.

Then, write a post in your blog with the 10 facts that you believe to be the most influential or the key events in Arthur Miller’s life.




“All My Sons” is the title of the play you are about to read1. Arthur Miller wanted his play to have universal appeal. Even though you do not know the story yet, can you imagine how this title might connect with a message that has universal significance? In other words, “whose sons” might be “all my sons”?

Answer the following questions on your own in the same post in your blog. (we’ll go back to these questions after we finish reading the play)

  • How would you define a responsible person?
  • Are you a responsible person? Why or why not? Give examples of people you know in your personal life or in the public domain who are responsible. How do these individuals support your definition?
  • How does one learn to become a responsible person?
    Who are the “teachers” and where do we find them in our lives?
  • Is being responsible a character trait that you value a lot?
    Why or why not?
  • The Golden Rule is “Do unto others as you would have others do unto you.” What does this statement mean? Can you think of a situation in your own life in which you used this statement as the guiding principle for the action that you took? If “yes,” explain.



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Google classroom for our virtual classes (until March 31)

Google classroom will be the platform for us to share work and submit activities and tasks but we’ll also use the blog (as usual), drive (doc and presentations) and other tools you are familiar with (I’ll let you know later).

How to join a class

Codes for joining the class

Senior 1: s7dhfm4

Senior 3: 62e4ij3

Senior 4: ibb7dlb

Senior 5 and Lang & Lit Tutorials : qizjsyw

Senior 5 Project: 5g3xdcl

Resultado de imagen de online classes

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