Gennep’s major work was Les Rites de Passage (1909; The Rites of Passage), in which he systematically compared those ceremonies that celebrate an individual’s transition from one status to another within a given society. He found a tripartite sequence in ritual observance: separation, transition, and incorporation.
Definition: A ritual or ceremony signifying an event in a person’s life indicative of a transition from one stage to another, as from adolescence to adulthood.
Passing from not knowing to knowing, from not understanding to understanding, from ignorance to awareness.
5 stages in Rite of Passage
- an unattainable object of desire (human quest): a strong desire that needs to be satisfied.
- Trespassing (breaking the law of the father or any authority): breaking rules to defeat the authority, to come of age
- There should be a DARE (a challenge): to reveal the dark side of oneself (specular moment). Identity is in the process of being constituted.
- Mischief (a child’s bad behaviour): this must be accepted with responsibility, in a mature way.
- Atonement (to feel sorry for something bad that you did): understand and apologize. To learn from this.
Analyse the following:
- “She had lost all the dignity he knew” (p.209)
Why is this a specular moment in the story?
2. the theme of “loss” . Apply evidence from the text.
3. the necessity of forgiveness. Find evidence in the text
4. Death as a moment of epiphany (twice in the story)