After the work done in class on correction of mistakes, I thought it would be a good idea to share this with you.
Grammar explanations: this link will help you solve grammar doubts.
Here some exercises to practice!!
Like vs. As
We generally use LIKE and AS to make comparisons.
The structure of the sentence is usually: VERB + LIKE + NOUN / PRONOUN.
- He speaks like a native speaker.
- She looks like a supermodel.
The structure of the sentence is usually: AS + SUBJECT + VERB.
- Nobody sings as she does.
- They went to the party as they were.
Be careful, in similar sentences that use LIKE and AS, the meanings of each sentence are very different. For example:
- As your boss, I must warn you to be careful. (I am your boss.)
- Like your boss, I must warn you to be careful. (I am not your boss, but he/she and I have similar attitudes.)
In English we also use as if to make comparisons. However it has a few distinct characteristics to its use:
1. The verb after AS IF is always in the past subjunctive, no matter what tense the sentence is.
2. If the verb BE directly follows AS IF, we use were for all personal pronouns.
- He looks as if he knew the answer.
Hands on: Like vs As if
When does inversion happen?
The most common type of inversion is question word order (see above). Inversion also happens in other situations.
In formal styles, when we use an adverb with negative meaning (e.g.never, seldom, rarely, scarcely, hardly) in front position for emphasis, we invert the subject (s) and auxiliary (aux)/modal verb:
Never [AUX]have [S]we witnessed such cruel behaviour by one child to another.(or We have never witnessed …)
Seldom does one hear a politician say ‘sorry’. (or One seldom hears …)
Expressions beginning with not
We also invert the subject and verb after not + a prepositional phrase or a clause in initial position:
Not for a moment did I think I would be offered the job, so I was amazed when I got it.
Not till I got home did I realise my wallet was missing.