Figures of speech in Queen Elizabeth’s poem

Re-read “When I was fair and young” and:

-identify figures of speech used in each stanza;

-analyse their effect on the meaning of the poem.

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23 Responses to Figures of speech in Queen Elizabeth’s poem

  1. Juan Ignacio Lopez Vargas says:

    Stanza I: ”[…]many was I sought their[…]” Hyperbaton used. It is implemented to create an emphasys in the reader since word order is not normal. The word ”Many” expresses hyperbole, as she is exagerating the number of men that wanted to marry her.

    Stanza II: “How many sighing hearts I have no skill to show” it expresses Litotes because of the double negation. ”Weeping eyes” is Personification, eyes cannot weep. People do.

    Stanza III: “dainty dame” and “Pluck your plumes” are Alliterations. The first one shows how arrogant Queen Elizabeth and the second Alliteration explains that cupid is taking her beauty and youth away.

    Stanza IV: ”As soon as he had said, such change grew in my breast” is Hyperbolic because she exagerates what ”Cupid did to her”. ”That neither night nor day I could take any rest.” Again uses Hyperbaton by changing the order of the sentence, she uses it to emphasys her sorrow.

  2. francisco okecki says:

    Stanza 1 : Hyperbaton and hyperbole.
    Stanza 2: Litotes, personification
    Stanza 3: Hyperbole, alliteration.
    Stanza 4: Hyperbaton, alliteration, and hyperbole.

    Hyperbaton is the change of words in a sentence with the aim on emphasizing something, and, hyperbolism is also used to emphasize something but by exaggerating, for example, these two literary terms are used to emphasize the number of men who where looking forward the beauty and hand of Queen Elizabeth on stanza one. We can also find litotes which is another way of exaggerating but by using something similar to irony. Moreover the poet uses personification which is saying that an object can do something which they really can´t, for example “weeping eyes”, eyes can not weep.. Again, in the third stanza there is hyperbolism again which meaning and impact on the reader was already explained. Another literary term is used in this stanza, alliteration which is used for the reader to focus on that sentence because it sounds rare, for example, “go, go” in this poem. In the last stanza no new literary terms appears, just hyperbole, hyperbaton and alliteration.

  3. Milagros Brascó says:

    In stanza 1 we can find two literary devices:
    In the first line,“Of many was I sought (…)” hyperbaton (changing word order) is used to create an effect of emphasise in the reader, since is not the regular order. He uses an hyperbole by mentioning ”many” to point out that numerous man wanted her.
    In the third line, ”But I did scorn them all (…)” hyperbole (exaggeration) is used to highlight how many men desired her.

    In stanza 2 we can find two literary devices:
    In the first line of the stanza, personification is used “How many weeping eyes(…)” since it gives the eyes the human capacity of weeping. Once again, when mentioning ”many”, hyperbole is used as in the first line of the first stanza to emphasise the quantity.
    In the second line, “How many sighing hearts I have no skill to show”, the writer uses Litotes to express ironically she has so many hearts that sigh for her and desire her, that she doesn’t know how to show. Personification is used when mentioning ”sighing hearts” since sighing is a human capacity that can’t be attributed to an organ. This makes the reader compenetrate with her feeling.

    In stanza 3, we can find two literary devices:
    In line 2,“(…)you dainty dame, since that you be so coy” Hyperboles is used when mentioning ”so” to compenetrate more the reader, and an alliteration ”Danity dame” which expresses arrogance.

    In the last stanza we can find three literary devices:
    In the second line, “That neither night nor day I could take any rest”, hyperbaton is used to catch the reader’s attention since the word order is not the regular one. Also, uses an hyperbole when mentioning ”any”.
    In line three, “(…) I did repent(…) ” Hyperbaton is again used.

  4. Maria Brito Peret says:

    STANZA 1
    -Hyperbole: “Of many was I sought…” this gives emphasis to the fact that she was very lucky when she was young because she was very beautiful and many men want her, but now she does not
    STANZA 2
    -Litotes: “how many sighing hearts..”
    STANZA 3
    -Litotes: “How many sighing hearts I have not skill to show” with this she refers to the fact that she had broken many hearts, she could not show it
    -Alliteration: “go,go” she used this to refer that and now cupid is saying this to her so if cupid rejects her she will feel alone for ever, with any men in her life.
    STANZA 4
    -Hyperbole: ”That neither night nor day I could take any rest.” this is hyperbolic because she exaggerates the reaction she has to what cupid said to her.

  5. Virginia Loza says:

    Fist stanza:
    -In the second line “Of many was I sought their mistress for to be.” there is Hyperbole and Hyperbaton, Hyperbole is use as an exageration towards the word “many” and Hyperbaton is seen when words are alter (was I sought) and also means exageration or making enphasis to a special word.
    -In the third line “But I did scorn them all, and answered them therefore” Hyperbole is used, she enphasies the word did in order to exagerate the following part of the sentence.

    Second stanza:
    -In the first line “How many weeping eyes I made to pine on woe” Hyperbaton is used (eyes I made) that makes enphasis in some parts of the sentence
    -In the second line “How many sighing hearts I have no skill to show” Litotes appears making an exageration in that sentences, also parallel structure is used.

    Third stanza:
    -In the second line “And said, you dainty dame, since that you be so coy”
    Alliteration is used when she said “dainty dame” because she was using a metaphor, also Hyperbole is use by using the word “so” that makes exageration.
    -In the third line “I will so pluck your plumes that you shall sayno more” Alliteration is use when she say “pluck your plumes” ans is also using a metaphor because she does not have plumes

    Fourth stanza:
    -In the first line “When he had spake these words such change grew in my breast” Hyperbole is used by saying “such change grew in breast” exagerating that part of the sentence.
    -In the second line “That neither night nor day I could take any rest” Hyperbaton is used (nor day I could) making and enphasis that she could not rest in any moment.
    -In the third line “Then, lol I did repent, that I had said before” here Interjection is used making enphasis to a word that is used nowadays.

  6. Milagros Zubizarreta says:

    1) First stanza: Here we can find both hyperbole and hyperbaton. Hyperbaton is used to emphasize and hyperbole is used to exagerate. What is exagerated and empahzised in this stanza is the quantity of men that wanted to be with her because of her extreme beauty. These literary terms are used to call the atention of the reader.
    2)Second stanza: Here we can find Litotes “How many sighing hearts I have no skill to show”. Moreover there is personificaion “weeping eyes” and “Slighting hearts”. These literary terms are also used for catching the readers attention.

    3)Third stanza:Here we can find hyperbole and litotes again and also, alliteration.
4)Fourth stanza: Here we can find once again hyperbaton, alliteration, and hyperbole. Which are used as mention before to emphasize and call the reader attention to those specific words.

  7. Ignacio Rela says:

    1) Identify figures of speech used in each stanza;

    Stanza one : Hyperbaton and hyperbole.
    Stanza two: Litotes
    Stanza three: Hyperbole, alliteration.
    Stanza four: Hyperbaton, alliteration, and hyperbole.

    2) Analyse their effect on the meaning of the poem.
    The effect they have on the poem to make the reader feel something that without these figures of speech it wouldnt be the same. for example, the litotes and hyperbole are used in order to create exageration in the reader, to show how beautiful she was, all the men that wanted her and so one and so forth.
    Also the hyperbaton, the figure of the speech that alters the order of the sentence as to give some special focus to a phrase “Of many was I sought…” reffering to the men.
    Alliterations are also present in the poem (“go, go”) to create an effect of repetition and as a consequence make the reader focalize in the poem and those lines, also to make the reader clear that these lines were really important and were going to talk abut the same theme (not in every paragraph)

  8. Nicolás Araya says:

    – Stanza 1: The first figure of speech in the poem, is the hyperbaton of line 2. The order of the sentence is altered to create an effect of emphasys on the quantity of men which wanted to be with her. There is also hyperbole in the second line, when she refers to the men as “Of many”, she is exagerating the quantity. In that paragraph there is another example of hyperbole, when Elizabeth said that she “did scorn them all”. She makes emphasys on how many she scorned and also adding the “did” in the sentence to make it clear that the did it.

    – Stanza 2: In this stanza, the first figure is again a hyperbaton, and again highlighting a hyperbole because she is again refering to the quantity of men that she disdained. In line 2, we find an example of personofication in “sighting hearts”. There is also an instance of litotes when Elizabeth said that she had no skill to show, because it is not true. It is the same effect of a hyperbole, because she is actually saying that her skill is so much that she doesnt know how to show it.

    – Stanza 3: “Dainty dane”, in line 2, is an alliteration just like “pluck your plumes”. These two make emphasys in the fact that she thinks that she is more powerful than cupid. There is also invertion of roles, when cupid is actually saying the last two lines and not Queen Elizabeth. There is also a hyperbole making emphasys in the shyness of the boy (“so coy”)

    – Stanza 4: In line 1, she starts with a hyperbole, which shows that cupids words made an impact on her, “such change”. “That neither night nor day I could take any rest”, is another hyperbaton of the poem, and it is focusing in the amount of time that she could not rest. “Neither night”, alliteration, has the same effect in the poem than the hyperbaton. The final figure of speech in the poem, is a hyperbaton which expresses how much she reegreted her actions: “I did repent, that I had said before”.

  9. Joaquin Diaz Walker says:

    1)
    In stanza one, two different literary devices can be seen, such as Hyperbole, and hyperbaton.
    Stanza two, there is only Litotes
    In stanza three there is a hyperbole, and also, alliteration.
    And, to finish with stanza 4, there is hyperbaton, alliteration, and hyperbole.

    2)
    The meaning of this, is to make the reader feels what she feels. Because, she wants to make the reader understand what is happening to her, that’s why she uses, for example, a hyperbole, to call the reader’s attention and to make emphasis in what she feels.

  10. Joaquin Olaizola says:

    Stanza 1– hyperbole: this gives a sense of exageration, to show how big or to put more emphasis in one part of te poem or in one frase. In this case she is saying that she was verylucky when she was young and now she wasn´t. She puts emphasis on the number of candidates she used to had and how they left them.
    Stanza 2– “weeping eyes” is personificaion because it is giving feelings to the eyes. A person weeps not the eye, so we are giving the eye a characteristic of a person, this means there is personification. Also I founded: “How many sighing hearts I have no skill to show” is litotes and “Slighting hearts” is personification. All this literary terms are used to call the attention of the reader, to trap the reader.
    Stanza 3 — litotes again: “pack your plums” he relationates herself with cupid who is the god of love, he decides your future in love. Later I founded alliteration: “go,go”. The writer use it to call the attention of the reader in that frase, to show that she always said it and that now cupid changed everything and now he says that to her.
    Stanza 4 — I founded this three literary terms: hyperbaton, alliteration and hyperbole. The three of them are used to call the effect of importance or to make the reader focus on some especific frases. Some are used to exagerate cuantity and the other one for repetition.

  11. Belen Gay says:

    In the stanza 1: hyperbole and hyperbaton (to highlight the important thing for her and to catch the reader’s attention). In the stanza 2: litotes (to mark the importance of time and that beauty isn’t forever). In the stanza 3: alliteration and hyperbole (Elizabeth is very arrogant). In the stanza 4: alliteration, hyperbole and hyperbaton (time goes away and you have to take advantage of it because life is not forever)

  12. Francisca Müller says:

    Stanza One: “Of many was I sought…” Here hyperbaton is used to create an effect of emphasis by changing the sentence order.

    S2: “How many sighing hearts I have not skill to show”:
    Litotes: Same effect that hyperbole but the procedure is not the same. It means that she has broken so many hearts, that she doesn’t have words to show it.

    S3: “dainty dame” there is alliteration and also emphasis to show the meaning of dainty, be little, arrogant. Another example of alliteration is “pluck your plumes”.

    S4:”That neither night nor day I could take any rest.” it is an hyperbaton beacuse it changes the order of the sentence, calling the reader’s attention and also an hyperbole becuase it exagerates the suffering she has.

  13. agustin campion says:

    in stanza 1 the writer uses:
    -hyperbole: this gives a sense of exageration that she is saying that she was very lucky when she was young and now dont. and that she had a lot of candidates and she left them all.

    stanza 2
    -litotes: “how many sighing hearts..”

    stanza 3
    -litotes: “pack your plums” he relationates herself with cupid. cupid has plums and he says that her believes she is like him, that she has plums so he will pack them out.
    -alliteration: “go,go” she used to say that and now cupid is saying this to her so if cupid rejects her its like if she will never be with any man. is her destiny.

    stanza 4
    -hyperbole: the first line is hyperbolic because she exagerates her reaction to what cupid said to her.
    alliteration: “go, go” he uses this at the end of all stanzas and in the poem gives a sensation that she doesn`t want to be with any man, she rejects everyone.

  14. Ripoll, Francisco says:

    In “When I Was Fair and Young,” the speaker of the poem repeats the refrain “Go, go, go, seek some other where, importune me no more.” We know that this is a refrain because it is in each stanza, and also the last line of each stanza. The line remains the same, but the sentiment behind it and the person uttering it changes, it really sends a clear message that they are bothering her and combines with her ‘scorn’ to paint a not so pretty picture.
    Love is vicious and decides to ‘pluck plumes’, which conjures an image of a peacock or some other bird with beautiful tail feathers being forcefully and painfully stripped of its most wonderful feature. This simply means she is losing her beauty as a result of aging, but she feels like this is some sort of karma for her former attitude.

  15. AGUS BULJEVICH says:

    1)
    In Stanza one we can find hyperbole and hyperbaton; In stanza two we can find litotes; In stanza three, as in stanza one, has hyperbole but this stanza also has alliteration. Finally, in stanza four, we can find alliteration, hyperbaton and hyperbole.

    2) All these literary terms (figures of speech) are used to call the reader’s attention, what they do is putting emphasis on those phrases so as the readers understand that the part they are reading is important. In this poem, the writer uses figures of speech when she talks about youth and love. She puts special importance on that so as the reader to understand that youth does not last forever so they have to enjoy while they are young and have the opportunity of falling in love because when they become older and beauty disappeared, nobody will love them, as it happened to her, that when she was young and beauty everyone was in love of her but when she became old, no one love her.

  16. AGUS BULJEVICH says:

    1) In Stanza one we can find hyperbole and hyperbaton; In stanza two we can find litotes; stanza three, as stanza one, has hyperbole but this stanza also has alliteration. Finally, in stanza four, we can find alliteration, hyperbaton and hyperbole.

    2) All these literary terms (figures of speech) are used to call the reader’s attention, what they do is putting emphasis on those phrases so as the readers understand that the part they are reading is important. In this poem, the writer uses figures of speech when she talks about youth and love. She puts special importance on that so as the reader to understand that youth does not last forever so they have to enjoy while they are young and have the opportunity of falling in love because when they become older and beauty disappeared, nobody will love them, as it happened to her, that when she was young and beauty everyone was in love of her but when she became old, no one love her.

  17. Antonia Flores Piran says:

    Figures of speech in the first stanza:
    “Of many was I sought their mistress for to be ” is hyperboton.

    Stanza 2
    “weeping eyes” is personificaion because it is giving feelings to the eyes. A person weeps not the eye.

    “How many sighing hearts I have no skill to show” is litotes and “Slighting hearts is personification.

    Stanza 3
    “dainty dame” is alliteration. It emphasizes how arrogant Elizabeth is.

    “Pluck your plumes” is alliteration. It is showing what cupid is doing to Elizabeth, he is taking away Elizabeth´s beauty and power.

    Stanza 4
    “neither night nor day..” is alliteration and hyperboton. It hilights the punishment, she is awake all the time.

    “Then, lol I did repent…” is hyperboton. It is emphasizing that she repents.

  18. Belen Irazusta says:

    Stanza 1 hyperbole/ hyperbaton. to call the reader´s attention. and to highlight what it is important to her.
    stanza 2 alliteration/ hyperbole. here again she wants to remark the fact that times passes and you have to enjoy life while you are young and beautiful.
    Stanza 4 hyperbaton/alliteration/hyperbole
    the writer also shares with us the idea that also love goes away with time. bacause when you are young and beatiful guys for example will stare at you, but when you are old and all your beauty gone, no one will notice you.

  19. Mili Alezzandrini says:

    When I was Fair and Young

    In stanza 1 we can find an example of hyperbole when it says, “of many was I sought (look) their mistress for to be”
    Is an exaggeration because she is trying to say that she feels very pretty so every man loves her.
    Also there is hyperbaton because of the order the sentence has “of many” is emphasizing the quantity of people that loves her.

    In stanza 2 there is also hyperbole when it says, “How many sight hearts I have no skill to show” there is too much exaggeration. “Go, go, go” it is an inversion of roles

    In stanza 3 there is an example of alliteration when it says When the writer uses “dainty dame” there is alliteration and also emphasis to show the meaning of dainty, be little, arrogant. Another example of alliteration is “pluck your plumes” When it says “so coy” the poet is emphasizing the word “so”

    In stanza 4 there is also hyperbole, “such change”, “neither night nor day”. The last quotation there is alliteration, for calling the attention of the reader, and also hyperbaton, because it is remarking the idea that she couldn’t take any rest. What is more, “I did repent” there is emphasis when the word “did” is used.

  20. Emi Molmenti says:

    * “Of many was I sought their mistress for to be”:
    Hyperbole: This emphasis the fact that she is very beautiful because many men wanted her.
    Hyperbaton: It emphasis the quantity of men that wanted her
    * “How many sighing hearts I have not skill to show”:
    Litotes: Same effect that hyperbole but the procedure is not the same. It means that she has broken so many hearts, that she doesn’t have words to show it.
    * “Dainty dame”:
    Alliteration: It emphasis the fact that she is a very arrogant woman.
    * “So cow”:
    Hyperbole: To emphasize that he is very shy
    * “Pluck your plumes”:
    Alliteration: To emphasize the fact that she is more powerful than God because she has the power to decide who to love or not.
    * “Neither night nor day”
    Alliteration: To emphasize the fact that it was all the time.
    * “That neither night nor day I could take any rest”
    Hyperbaton: It suggests that she is awaken all the time. It emphasis the punish she has received.
    * “Wherefore I did repent that I had said before”:
    Hyperbaton: Emphasizing the fact that she regrets it.

  21. sofi teran says:

    1)
    Stanza one: hyperbole and hyperbaton
    Stanza two: litotes
    Stanza 3: alliteration and hyperbole
    Stanza 4: alliteration, hyperbole and hyperbaton

    2) All of these figures of speech are meant to call the reader’s attention at certain parts of the poem. The writer uses them when she feels it is important for the reader to understand and think about what she is saying. In addition, most of them are used to make emphasis when she is talking about love or youth, since she wants to highlight the fact that beauty goes away with time and everyone should take advantage of this period and not waste it. Furthermore, love also goes away with youth ad time, since she talks about how beautiful she used to be and how everyone stared at her, but now that she has grown old she alone.

  22. Justo Fernandez Vidal says:

    -“Of many was I sought…” Here hyperbaton is used to create an effect of emphasis by changing the sentence order. The hyperbole is used: “many” to show exaggeration to show that many men wanted to marry her.
    -“But I did scorn them all…” Hyperbole is again used (all) to show she disdained EVERY man that came.
    -“How many weeping eyes…” Personification is used, as eyes don’t cry, a person does. Again hyperbole is used (many) and inversion of roles is used, because here Elizabeth is talking about men, and men are supposed not to cry, women are more likely to do it.
    -“How many sighing hearts I have no skill to show” Litotes is used to create an effect of emphasis, she has so much skill that she doesn’t know how to show. Hyperbole is used again (many) and a personification is seen: “sighing hearts”. Only humans can sigh, hearts can’t.
    -“…you dainty dame, since that you be so coy” Hyperboles is used: so, and an alliteration is present: dainty dame, to show that the queen is very delicate on choosing her ‘love’ as she has no man to marry.
    -“That neither night nor day I could take any rest” Hyperbaton is present in this line, as the order of it is changed. This produced emphasis on the fact that she will not be able to rest at night or day. Hyperbole appears in “any”, to make it clear that NO rest will she be able to take.
    -“I did repent… ” Hyperbaton is again used to shoe the importance of the fact that she repent, and a lot.
    -In all the stanzas the last two lines repeat. This is an anaphora and repetition, that creates an artistic effect.

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