Literary Devices: Review

Let`s work on literary devices and practice everything we know!!




Flashcards game

Complete this in your Blog:

Literary terms to choose from:

  • Allusion
  • Climax
  • Foreshadowing
  • Flashback
  • Genre
  • Imagery
  • Irony
  • Metaphor
  • Mood
  • Narrator
  • Onomatopeia
  • Parody
  • Personification
  • Refrain
  • Satire
  • Setting
  • Sonnet
  • Subplot
  • Symbol
  • Theme
  • Tone

Fill in the blanks: The object of this exercise is to match the word with the definition provided.

  1. ________________ is a literary device that allows writers to show their audience specific events that happened before the current action of the story.
  2. ________________ is a category system that literature falls into based on specific conventions that develop to characterize the differences.
  3. _________________ can be verbal, situational, or dramatic and has the result of the meaning, situation or action being one thing but meaning something different.
  4. _________________ is a type of literary work that satirizes another work, its author, or the ideas presented.
  5. _________________ is a type of literary device where an author ridicules specific people, groups or some aspect of society.
  6. _________________ is where a story takes place.
  7. _________________ is a type of poem that has a specific rhyme and meter.
  8. _________________ is a minor story that runs inside the main story.
  9. _________________ is a concrete or physical object that represents an abstract concept.
  10. _________________ is how the writer feels about his subject that comes through based upon the types of words chosen.
  11. _________________ is how the reader feels about the story.
  12. _________________ is an abstraction that represents the central idea of the story.
  13. _________________ tells the story either in the first, second or third person point of view.
  14. _________________ is the most exciting part of a story where all of the main conflict comes together.
  15. _________________ is an intentional reference to another literary work or piece of art that the reader should understand in order to make connections.
  16. _________________ is when the author hints at actions that will come in the future.
  17. _________________ is a word that describes words that represent sounds.
  18. _________________ is a comparison of two different things to make them more alike.
  19. _________________ is when authors give human traits to animals or some other lifeless object.
  20. _________________ is repetition of sounds or words to form a pattern.
  21. _________________ is a writer’s vivid description that help readers visualize.


Posted in 2016, Senior 2 2016, Senior 3 2016 | Tagged | Leave a comment

Senior 1




Term 1

  1. Choose 10 literary devices we have worked with and show examples of them from the texts we have read.
  2. This presentation is very incomplete. What is missing?

Term 2

  1. Write an essay

Comment closely on how the social and historical context affect the protagonists in the story Tyres.

2. Write a paragraph showing how the protagonis goes through Rite of passage.

Term 3

  1. A View from the Bridge. Mention 4 themes and show quotations from the book.
  2. What is your opinion of the ending? Account with evidence from the text.
Posted in Período de orientación y Evaluación Diciembre 2016- Febrero 2017, Senior 1 2016 | Tagged | Leave a comment

Senior 2




Term 1

Write an essay.

  1. Comment closely on how some characters change and other don´t in An Inspector Calls.
  2. Find 3 themes in the play and account with evidence from the text.

Term 2

  1. Write a brief summary of “Tyres”. Include:

-point of view


-Rite of Passage theory


2. Write an essay: Comment closely on how the poem Song criticizes men in that society.

Term 3

  1. Write a personal opinion (about 150 words) on the topics dealt with in the story Billenium. 
  2. What is missing in this presentation?

Posted in Período de orientación y Evaluación Diciembre 2016- Febrero 2017, Senior 2 2016 | Tagged | Leave a comment

Senior 3


Term 1

  1. Choose one of the poems dealt with in this term and write your opinion about it. Include themes, tones, literary devices and give evidence from the poem.
  2. Comment closely on how ironic the story Sredni Vashtar is.

Term 2

  1. Comment closely on how nature strikes back in The Phoenix.
  2. How does Tiger in the Menagerie portray society in the poem?

Term 3

  1. Would you say that “Lovers’ infiniteness” is an idealistic poem? If so, what exactly is idealistic about it?
    Does this poem help you see what is metaphysical about Metaphysical poetry?
  2. Unseen paper 198460-june-2014-question-paper-32
Posted in Período de orientación y Evaluación Diciembre 2016- Febrero 2017, Senior 3 2016 | Tagged | Leave a comment

Senior 5


Term 1

Write an essay

In sonnet 73, Shakespeare relates all three objects, aging, death, and love, to each other. Comment closely on this.

Write a descriptive piece called Ghost Town. In your writing create a sense of mood and place. Include fearful characters. (Tension, fear and suspense vocabulary)

Term 2

  1. Write a letter to a general of the army in your country in which you offer your view and experience on how civil service should be obligatory. (500 words)
  2. Write an essay comparing and contrasting 2 of the poems dealt with in this term.

Term 3

Write your opinion about the effects of postcolonialism (400 words)

Posted in Período de orientación y Evaluación Diciembre 2016- Febrero 2017, Senior 5 2016 | Tagged | Leave a comment

A View from the Bridge

Image result for a view from the bridge

Let`s work together

(you can link this slideshare to your blog)

Review for the term test: Get in pairs and work on this!

Leave a comment with a personal opinion about the play. Include a quotation to support your ideas!


Posted in 2016, Senior 1 2016 | Leave a comment

Verse Written on her Death Bed


This is a beautiful and moving poem filled with the romance of a woman who feels she has truly found her soul mate.

Read the poem

Thou who dost all my worldly thoughts employ,
Thou pleasing source of all my earthly joy,
Thou tenderest husband and thou dearest friend,
To thee this first, this last adieu I send!
At length the conqueror death asserts his right,
And will for ever veil me from thy sight;
He wooes me to him with a cheerful grace,
And not one terror clouds his meagre face;
He promises a lasting rest from pain,
And shews that all life’s fleeting joys are vain;
Th’ eternal scenes of heaven he sets in view,
And tells me that no other joys are true.
But love, fond love, would yet resist his power,
Would fain awhile defer the parting hour;
He brings thy mourning image to my eyes,
And would obstruct my journey to the skies.
But say, thou dearest, thou unwearied friend!
Say, should’st thou grieve to see my sorrows end?
Thou know’st a painful pilgrimage I’ve past;
And should’st thou grieve that rest is come at last?
Rather rejoice to see me shake off life,
And die as I have liv’d, thy faithful wife.

Mary Monck (?-1715)

Work in pairs

Prepare a drive and share it with me.


-data about the writer

-whether this poem is based on her  life or not

-themes and tones

-literary devices used by the poet to put across her message

-personal conclusion on the poem

-choose a son that deals with the same topic, find a video and analyse it.

Deadline: November 15

Posted in 2016, Senior 4 2016 | Tagged | Leave a comment

The Bath

After reading the story, take a look at this presentation

Posted in 2016, Senior 5 2016 | Tagged | 1 Comment

Billenium by J. Ballard

Task 1

With close reference to the text of the short story Billenium explore the following questions in detail. Remember to include quotations and page numbers for the quotations in your answers

  1. Write a detailed synopsis of the story.
  2. Discuss the theme of over-population and the effect it has on both the way of life and quality of life of the inhabitants of the city.
  3. The quest for living space has become an overriding obsession with the people of the city. Discuss this theme in detail. Include in your answer some discussion of the ways in which Ballard makes the quest for space dominate the characters’ lives.
  4. What sort of relationship does Ballard put forward between the inner world of the individual (as represented by Ward and Rossiter) and the outer world in which they live. In other words, how does Ballard conceptualise the effect of surviving daily life in a hopelessly over-crowded city on the consciousness of the individual as demonstrated by the ways in which Ward and Rossiter manage the gift of space in the secret room they discover?
  5. In the story, Ballard does attempt some sort of explanation of the social, political and economic causes of the extreme over-population that has beset the world. Explain his views as they are presented in the story.
  6. Do you agree with his argument? Do you think that current population growth projections indicate that we are likely to end up in the situation portrayed in the story?
  7. Describe and analyse Ward’s character in some detail. What values does he hold? Why does Ballard make use of this type of character as the main character for this story?
  8. What role does Rossiter play in the story?
  9. Describe the role of the female characters in the story.
  10. Discuss the effects that over-population and its attendant ills has had on the nature of family life in relation to Ward’s family as well as Judith and Helen’s family relationships.
  11. What does the secret room symbolise in the story?
  12. Why do you think Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves? Is Ballard making a comment on how our inner world ultimately reflects the shape of the external world in which we live?
  13. What sort of living arrangement do they eventually end up allowing (and accommodating to) in their secret room?
  14. Discuss Ballard’s style and language in the story? Consider also in what ways it is appropriate to the nature of the story being told.

Task 2

Have a look at this video and compare it to the short story we have read!! (Thanks Alina Claps for sharing this video!!)

Task 3

Write an essay:

Comment closely on the main themes that appear in Billenium:  overpopulation, power and loss of privacy.

Posted in 2016, Senior 2 2016 | Tagged , , | 1 Comment

Anowa by Ama Ata Aidoo

In Facebook I posted the following link in connection to the play you are reading with Ceci in class: Anowa

Task 1:

-Find quotations in the play to support this article. Focus on postcolonialism.

Resultado de imagen para anowa ama ata aidoo analysis

Task 2:

-In the very beginning of the story, Badua makes a comment about her daughter Anowa getting married and having kids, that was very alarming to me. “A woman like her should bear children, many children, so she can afford to have one or two die,” (72).

Could this cultural norm of losing your children to death and therefore causing parents to be very protective be a reason why Badua is so insistent on Anowa marrying someone she approves of?

Task 3:

Comment on the significance of marriage in the African context.

Posted in 2016, Senior 4 2016 | Tagged | 18 Comments

The People Before: summary and analysis

Resultado de imagen para new zealand landscapes


Maurice Shadbolt is a well known New Zealand writer whose works are popular with readers even today. His stories are all based in New Zealand and seek to interpret the various influences that have gone into the making of the country. The conflict between the Europeans and the Maori find frequent resonance in his works.

Relevance of the Title

“The people before”, though not in the story as characters, influence much of the story and the attitude of the characters. The father has no time to think of them except when Jim displays the greenstone adzes. Even then the father does not relate to the “people before”; his thought is only about how much they could be worth. The people before were so intimately connected to the land that they have carried the old man to the spot where he was born so that he could see it one more time before dying. The narrator’s father on the other hand frequently talks of selling the farm when the going gets tough. The land is just something that he owns and puts to work.


The story is about an unnamed family that buys a farm that has not been prosperous. The father has always been keen on owning land as he has seen his father work as a sharemilker on other people’s land. There are two boys in the family. The elder one is rather like his father who enjoys the outdoors and the hard work of the farm. Jim, the younger one is rather weak and he prefers to be inside with his mother. The father farms only the flat land leaving the hills beyond, which were his, to run wild. Jim and his brother go wandering on Sundays. Jim explores the caves near the river and finds some jade adzes inside. Once he finds a human skull too which must have belonged to a Maori who had lived there long ago. When the father sees the adzes, he wonders only about how much they could be worth.

The Depression is soon on them and the father finds farming less profitable now. He wonders about selling the land and moving but plods on. One day, a group of Maori arrive there. They have brought with them an old man who had been born on the hill behind long ago. He is close to death and desires to see once again the land of his birth. The father cannot comprehend why anyone would want to do that. Jim is however impressed and accompanies them to the hill. When he comes back he tells the family how the Maoris had lived there for generations until the whites came and drove them away. The father now begins to understand what land means to some people.

The boys go away to WW II. The father sells the farm and moves to closer to the town. When the war is over, the boys return. Jim goes to the University while his brother joins the father on the farm. Once when discussing the War, the elder brother says that he had no fond memories to focus on in the battlefield but Jim says that for him, the old farm was just that, a place of happy returns. His bother feels jealous about Jim’s happy memories.


The story is about a family that moves into a farm that they buy cheap as it has not been productive. For the father owning land had been a compulsion as his father had not owned land but worked as a laborer. Of the two boys in the family, the older one, who is the narrator, is the outdoorsy kind, much like the father. The younger boy is not sturdy and he prefers the company of his mother and spends more time inside the house. It’s hard work milking the herd and the father cultivates only the flat land considering the hills behind a nuisance. Jim and his elder brother roam the countryside exploring caves on Sundays. Once, Jim finds greenstones adzes and also a human skull in the caves. He leaves the skull behind but brings home the adzes. The boys surmise that at some time Maoris must have inhabited those parts. When the father sees the adzes later his only thought is how much they could be worth. He does not consider the possibility of the land having belonged to the Maoris.

When the Depression is on them, the father finds the farm to be less profitable and he considers the prospect of setting it and moving. He stays on, not because any special love he feels for the land but because he has invested money and labor on it. One day a group of Maoris visit the farm. They carry with them, in a litter, an old man. They say that, the old man, a tribe elder was born on the hills behind the farm when the land belonged to the Maoris. He wishes now, when he is close to death, to see the place of his birth once again. The father is thoroughly perplexed but Jim is understanding and offers them the greenstone adzes which he believes belonged to the tribe. The Maoris depart to the hills with the old man. Jim goes with them. Sometime during the night the old man dies and his people bury him on the mountain. Jim comes home with an account of how the Maoris lived in the area until the whites came in and defeated them. But they still consider this land to be their home. The father now begins to comprehend what land means to some people.

The boys go to the Second World War. The father sells the farm and moves closer to the cities. The boys return after war and Jim leaves for the University while the older boy joins his father on their new farm. Once during a discussion about coping with war, the elder brother says he had no happy memories to focus on during war. But Jim says, for him, their old farm was Te Wahiokoahoki, the place of happy return. The brother feels jealous that he could never feel that way.

Questions to think and reflect

1  Describe the early farm after the father bought it ‘for a song’. Who were the ‘people   before’?

2  What do we get to know about the father’s character and that of the mother and the   two boys?

Find some lines to quote which typify each character.

3  Towards the end of part 1, Jim goes to the abandoned hill area. He finds a cave with   adzes and also a human skull. What is the father’s attitude to the adzes? What does   the author hint at now about ‘the people before’?

4  This part opens with a reference to the end of the depression. What year is that,   roughly?

5  In the first pages of this section explain how the father’s view of the land and his   work has changed.

6  On p 206 the mother says “perhaps they’ve got happy memories of this place”. After   reading  Part 2, how does this statement seem ironic?

7  Describe why the Maori family have come to the farm.

8  Re-read the last ten lines of part 2. Why does the son think his father might have said   or felt something else?

9  What action has completely astounded the father?

10  In what way have the brothers remained the same?

11  Re-read the conclusion to the story. Why does the older brother think that Jim has   ‘beaten’ him?

General questions

1  To how many people does the title ‘the people before’ apply?

2  What differences in values do various owners of the land have?

3  What do you get to know about New Zealand farm life in the 1930’s?


Posted in 2016, Senior 3 2016 | Tagged , | Leave a comment

A View from the Bridge

Resultado de imagen para a view from the bridge

We have all read quitea lot about Act 1.

Now, let`s work on the following quotations.

-Who said it?

-What is going on?

-What implications can you see?

-Any language iem that calls your attention?

  1.  “Enter Alfieri, a lawyer in his fifties turning gray; he is portly, good-humoured, and thoughtful”
  2. “In this neighbourhood to meet a lawyer or a priest on the street is unlucky. We’re only thought of in connection with disasters, and they’d rather not get too close.”
  3. “…there were many here who were justly shot by unjust men. Justice is very important here.”
  4. “And with them new high heels on the sidewalk – clack, clack, clack. The heads are turnin’ like windmills”
  5. “With your hair that way you look like a Madonna, you know that? You’re the Madonna type.”
  6. “Just remember, kid, you can quicker get back a million dollars that was stole than a word that you gave away.”
  7. “Who’s mad?…I’m not mad…You’re the one is mad”
  8. “I’ll tell you boys it’s tough to be alone,
    And it’s tough to love a doll that’s not your own.”
  9. “Eddie has risen, with iron control, even a smile. He moves to Catherine. What’s the high heels for, Garbo?”
  10. “When am I gonna be a wife again, Eddie?”
  11. “…you’re not a baby any more… you gotta be your own self more…”
  12. “Catherine… turns with some fear, with a discovery, to Beatrice. She is at the edge of tears, as though a familiar world had shattered.”
Posted in 2016, Senior 1 2016 | Tagged , | Leave a comment