A View from the Bridge: Review

This year we are going to review the play we read in Senior 1.

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Study guide 

Complete guide to all the play

 

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Poem: Stabat Mater

Read this poem from your book or booklet.

Get to know the poet: Sam Hunt

Complete the following chart and post it in your blog.

Context

 

 

Themes

 

 

Literary devices (what are they used for? What is the effect on the reader?)
Tone

 

Structure

 

Semantic field

(specific vocabulary used)

 

Your own reflection

 

Check this link with videos which will help you understand the poem

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The Destructors

After reading the story, let´s work on different aspects.

Resultado de imagen para the destructors essay questions

Here the link to the story: The Destructors

Comprehension questions

  • Research and compare the Wormsley Common Gang with modern American gangs. Consider factors like membership, recruitment, enemies, activities, and motivations. What similarities did you find? What are some differences?
  • What do you see as the central theme of this story? Remember: a theme is not simply a subject like “love”. It is a fuller expression of what an author is trying to suggest about this subject. Write a paragraph explaining your interpretation of this story’s theme.
  • Identify three important conflicts present in the story. Explain what exactly is causing the problem—and whether they are internal or external in nature. Finally, explain which of these conflicts seems to the central problem.
  • Draw an image of Mr. Thomas’ house. Now explain the gang’s motivation to destroy the house by webbing out points and quotations to each of the ideas below:
    1. the age and beauty of the house
    2. the gang’s usual pranks around London
    3. what has occurred in the recent past with T’s parents
    4. Blackie’s reaction to the word “beautiful”
    5. The boys’ reaction to Mr. Thomas’ gift of chocolate
    6. Summers’ reaction to the word “please”
    7. the burning of the banknotes
    8. their consideration for Old Misery
  • Of what significance is the setting of this story in blitzed London? Does the story have anything to say about the consequences of war? About the causes of war?
  • Write a short character sketch of T. Think of a dominant character trait, and then discuss his background, personality, motivations, important statements, and what others say about him. Your sketch should be a minimum of 300 words.
  • Address the following quotation in the story by explaining its context and overall significance to the story:

“Streaks of light came in through the closed shutters where they worked with the seriousness of creators—and destruction after all is a form of creation. A kind of imagination had seen this house as it had now become.”

  • Describe what happens in the resolution of the story. Why might Graham Greene have ended the story in this manner?
  • On the surface this is a story of action, suspense, and adventure. At a deeper level it is about delinquency, war, and the hidden forces which motivate our actions. Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer.
  • Does the destruction of Old Misery’s house by the boys seem more senseless than the destruction brought about by the war that had destroyed London—or do you see it differently? Explain in a paragraph.
  • Research a definition of the philosophy of nihilism. How might the Wormsley Common Gang’s actions in the story demonstrate a kind of nihilism?

Choose a question to write an essay

  1. The setting for this story is London, nine years after the city survived a series of bombing attacks during WWⅡ. How does this setting contribute to the development of the story?
  2. “The Destructors” written by Graham Greene is set in London nine years after the end of World War II. People survived from “The Blitz”. The Blitz “was Nazi Germany’s sustained aerial bombing campaign against Britain in World War Two.”(The Blitz) Everything was in chaos, people lost their home, slept in the underground station and lost their hope for the future. Comment closely on this.
  3. Graham Greene’s portrayal of human nature, in “The Destructors,” conveys the idea that people have the instinctive ability to distinguish, and make a conscience choice, between what they believe to be good and evil. This message is clearly projected by the characters and their actions: that children born to a traumatized society will grow rebellious. Comment closely on this.

 

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The Signalman (group work)

The Signalman: Charles Dickens

Prepare a prezi/ggogle presentation/etc and answer the questions in a creative way! Follow the order you want. You can eliminate questions you are not interested in and you can add any other information you feel it is a must!!

1) Line 11 is almost an exact repetition of line 1.  What is the effect of this?

2) Why was the narrator so interested in the man he saw at the bottom of the embankment?

3) The paragraph, which starts with line 15, describes the approach and passing of a train.  How do you recognise it as a train even before line 20 identifies it as such?

4) Lines 35-43 describe the Signalman and his environment. What mood is created here?

5) Lines 46-69 show that the narrator and the Signalman are unsure of each other.  How is this resolved?

6a) What kind of education has the Signalman had?

  1. b) How do you know this?

7) What is odd about the Signalman’s behaviour in lines 106-110?

8) Line 127 suggests that this might be a ghost story.

  1. a) How does it do this?
  2. b) Have there been any other hints at this?

9) Describe the three premonitions the Signalman has experienced, and the events that followed, in the order in which they occurred. (This is not necessarily the order in which they are recounted.)

10) How is the Signalman’s earlier strange behaviour (see question 7) explained in lines 224-238?

11) Why can’t the Signalman act on his most recent premonition in order to avoid a tragedy?

12) From whom does the narrator seek advice?

13) What has happened when the narrator returns on the following evening?

14) The premonition has come true.  Which details are echoes of the Signalman’s earlier words?

15) How does the narrator feel at the end of this experience?  Explain in your own words.

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One Art by E. Bishop

Image result for elizabeth bishop

One Art
By Elizabeth Bishop

The art of losing isn’t hard to master;
so many things seem filled with the intent
to be lost that their loss is no disaster.

Lose something every day. Accept the fluster
of lost door keys, the hour badly spent.
The art of losing isn’t hard to master.

Then practice losing farther, losing faster:
places, and names, and where it was you meant
to travel. None of these will bring disaster.

I lost my mother’s watch. And look! my last, or
next-to-last, of three loved houses went.
The art of losing isn’t hard to master.

I lost two cities, lovely ones. And, vaster,
some realms I owned, two rivers, a continent.
I miss them, but it wasn’t a disaster.

—Even losing you (the joking voice, a gesture
I love) I shan’t have lied. It’s evident
the art of losing’s not too hard to master
though it may look like (Write it!) like disaster.

Elizabeth Bishop, “One Art” from The Complete Poems 1926-1979

Listen to 3 different readings of the same poem

General questions:

  1. What do you think the poet means by “the art of losing” and how serious is she about this idea?
  2. How important is the poem’s form to your reading of it?
  3. What effect does the refrain have upon your understanding of the poem’s tone? How does the meaning of this single line change throughout the piece?
  4. What are we actually meant to believe about the poet’s reaction to her losses?
  5. How honest is the poet with herself? With her readers?

 

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Mock Exam Litearature IGCSE Poetry, Prose, Drama

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Escape Room: Poetry

Use the post it that belongs to your group 

-Follow your own task (each group has a different one)

 

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One Art by E. Bishop

Image result for elizabeth bishop

One Art
By Elizabeth Bishop

The art of losing isn’t hard to master;
so many things seem filled with the intent
to be lost that their loss is no disaster.

Lose something every day. Accept the fluster
of lost door keys, the hour badly spent.
The art of losing isn’t hard to master.

Then practice losing farther, losing faster:
places, and names, and where it was you meant
to travel. None of these will bring disaster.

I lost my mother’s watch. And look! my last, or
next-to-last, of three loved houses went.
The art of losing isn’t hard to master.

I lost two cities, lovely ones. And, vaster,
some realms I owned, two rivers, a continent.
I miss them, but it wasn’t a disaster.

—Even losing you (the joking voice, a gesture
I love) I shan’t have lied. It’s evident
the art of losing’s not too hard to master
though it may look like (Write it!) like disaster.

Elizabeth Bishop, “One Art” from The Complete Poems 1926-1979

Listen to 3 different readings of the same poem

General questions:

  1. What do you think the poet means by “the art of losing” and how serious is she about this idea?
  2. How important is the poem’s form to your reading of it?
  3. What effect does the refrain have upon your understanding of the poem’s tone? How does the meaning of this single line change throughout the piece?
  4. What are we actually meant to believe about the poet’s reaction to her losses?
  5. How honest is the poet with herself? With her readers?

Let`s go deeper into the poem

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Billenium (a sci-fi story)

The Characteristics of Science Fiction

• Science fiction is often based on scientific principles and technology.
• Science fiction may make predictions about life in the future.
• Science fiction often deals with aliens or with life on other worlds.
• Science fiction can comment on important issues in society.

SCIENCE FICTION (Sci Fi)- stories that often tell about science and technology of the future involving partially true fictions laws or theories of science

Settings:

  • in the future
  • in space
  • on a different world
  • in a different universe or dimension

Aliens

Aliens are one of the central characteristics of the science-fiction genre. A sci-fi novel may deal with aliens coming to Earth, humans encountering aliens on space explorations or a number of other variations. However, not all sci-fi stories deal with Aliens.

Space Travel

Space travel is a common element of sci-fi, regardless of whether or not it features contact with aliens. Sometimes, humans wonder whether or not they’re alone in the universe, and what might happen if humans encounter other life forms.

Time Travel

In scientific theory, time travel is possible based on potential technologies utilizing scientific knowledge.

Futuristic Setting or Alternate History

Even if there’s no time travel involved, science fiction novels are often placed in a futuristic setting, while other sci-fi novels feature alternate histories. Whether moving forward or back in time, very few sci-fi novels are set in the present day.

Advanced Technology

Early science fiction writers and editors focused on the hard science of science fiction, and much of that incorporates the development of advanced technology, or creative ways to utilize existing technology.

Dystopia: an imaginary place where people are unhappy and usually afraid because they are not treated fairly.

One common theme of many science fiction novels is a dystopia set sometime in the future. Dystopia sci-fi themes are often used to explore current social issues, and they have very little to do with science, except dystopian fiction that revolves around technological mis-utilization. “Nineteen Eighty-Four” is a good example of a dystopian sci-fi story.

Exploration Of Popular Societal Or Cultural Issues

Much of sci-fi attempts to explore popular social or cultural issues through a sci-fi setting. These issues range from class struggles to misuse of technology, and sci-fi gives voice to the concerns of the society in which they are conceived. Common social issues include a world destroyed by war; a world destroyed by overuse; a world in which the government controls everything; or a world in which genetic experimentation has gone terribly awry.

Task 1 (to be discussed in class)

With close reference to the text of the short story Billenium explore the following questions in detail. Remember to include quotations and page numbers for the quotations in your answers

  1. Write a detailed synopsis of the story.
  2. Discuss the theme of over-population and the effect it has on both the way of life and quality of life of the inhabitants of the city.
  3. The quest for living space has become an overriding obsession with the people of the city. Discuss this theme in detail. Include in your answer some discussion of the ways in which Ballard makes the quest for space dominate the characters’ lives.
  4. What sort of relationship does Ballard put forward between the inner world of the individual (as represented by Ward and Rossiter) and the outer world in which they live. In other words, how does Ballard conceptualise the effect of surviving daily life in a hopelessly over-crowded city on the consciousness of the individual as demonstrated by the ways in which Ward and Rossiter manage the gift of space in the secret room they discover?
  5. In the story, Ballard does attempt some sort of explanation of the social, political and economic causes of the extreme over-population that has beset the world. Explain his views as they are presented in the story.
  6. Do you agree with his argument? Do you think that current population growth projections indicate that we are likely to end up in the situation portrayed in the story?
  7. Describe and analyse Ward’s character in some detail. What values does he hold? Why does Ballard make use of this type of character as the main character for this story?
  8. What role does Rossiter play in the story?
  9. Describe the role of the female characters in the story.
  10. Discuss the effects that over-population and its attendant ills has had on the nature of family life in relation to Ward’s family as well as Judith and Helen’s family relationships.
  11. What does the secret room symbolise in the story?
  12. Why do you think Ward and Rossiter are unable to keep the gift of space to themselves? Is Ballard making a comment on how our inner world ultimately reflects the shape of the external world in which we live?
  13. What sort of living arrangement do they eventually end up allowing (and accommodating to) in their secret room?
  14. Discuss Ballard’s style and language in the story? Consider also in what ways it is appropriate to the nature of the story being told.

Task 2

Have a look at this video and compare it to the short story we have read!! (Thanks Alina Claps for sharing this video!!)

 

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Journey by Patricia Grace

The writer

Patricia Grace

-Write briefly about the context (setting)

New Zealand

Maoris/Pakehas (their relatioship to the land). Why do Maori spiritual beliefs favour burial over cremation?

Process of colonization and decolonization

The story

Analysis on the story

Group work:

Answer the following questions in a google presentation (June 29)

  • What is the purpose of the old man’s journey?
  • To what extent did the officials listen to the old man? Find a quote that supports your point of view and suggest what tone the remarks are made in.
  • ‘And anyway Sir there’s no advantage do you think in you people all living in the same area.’ Why do the authorities think there isn’t any benefit to the family living close together?
  • ‘Why does the old man want to be cremated instead of buried?
  • How do the opening two paragraphs and the closing passage from ‘They were quiet wondering if he would say anything else,…’ reflect the Uncle’s changing mood?
  • Why do you think the story concludes with Uncle ‘looking at the palm of his hands’
  • Grace employs a motif of blindness / sight throughout the story, why do you think?‘Yes he knows all about those things, he’s not deaf and blind yet, not only by a long shot.’ ’…they’ve got the name of the canoes spelt wrong, his old eyes aren’t as blind as that.’

    ‘His eyes are still good enough to look all over the paper and see his land there, and to see that his land has been shaded in and ‘Off Street Parking’ printed on it.’

    • Why do you think Grace gave the ‘a’ in admiration a capital letter in this phrase; ‘..and roadways threading up and round the hills to layer on layer of houses, even in the highest and steepest places. He was filled with admiration. Filled with Admiration…but yes he was filled right to the top-it made him tired taking it all in.’?
    • Comment closely on the ending of the story.

Extension Questions (July 4)

a. Write at least two sentences on how the old man views the land and the way the Pakeha have ‘developed it’?  Do embed a short quote into each sentence.

b. Use the quotes above or others from the text and your knowledge of the old man’s character to write at least two sentences on what kind of person he is. Do include an embedded quote in each sentence.

c. What is your opinion on how Grace has structured the story: consider the physical journey, opening and ending taxi rides, and the reader’s journey

Individual work: choose an option to write an essay

  1. Discuss the narrator’s character in ‘Journey’ by Patricia Grace, to what extent do you sympathise with his attitude to the land?

2. How does Grace make you feel about the elderly narrator in Journey?

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The People Before: summary and analysis

Resultado de imagen para new zealand landscapes

Background

Maurice Shadbolt is a well known New Zealand writer whose works are popular with readers even today. His stories are all based in New Zealand and seek to interpret the various influences that have gone into the making of the country. The conflict between the Europeans and the Maori find frequent resonance in his works.

Relevance of the Title

“The people before”, though not in the story as characters, influence much of the story and the attitude of the characters. The father has no time to think of them except when Jim displays the greenstone adzes. Even then the father does not relate to the “people before”; his thought is only about how much they could be worth. The people before were so intimately connected to the land that they have carried the old man to the spot where he was born so that he could see it one more time before dying. The narrator’s father on the other hand frequently talks of selling the farm when the going gets tough. The land is just something that he owns and puts to work.

Plot

The story is about an unnamed family that buys a farm that has not been prosperous. The father has always been keen on owning land as he has seen his father work as a sharemilker on other people’s land. There are two boys in the family. The elder one is rather like his father who enjoys the outdoors and the hard work of the farm. Jim, the younger one is rather weak and he prefers to be inside with his mother. The father farms only the flat land leaving the hills beyond, which were his, to run wild. Jim and his brother go wandering on Sundays. Jim explores the caves near the river and finds some jade adzes inside. Once he finds a human skull too which must have belonged to a Maori who had lived there long ago. When the father sees the adzes, he wonders only about how much they could be worth.

The Depression is soon on them and the father finds farming less profitable now. He wonders about selling the land and moving but plods on. One day, a group of Maori arrive there. They have brought with them an old man who had been born on the hill behind long ago. He is close to death and desires to see once again the land of his birth. The father cannot comprehend why anyone would want to do that. Jim is however impressed and accompanies them to the hill. When he comes back he tells the family how the Maoris had lived there for generations until the whites came and drove them away. The father now begins to understand what land means to some people.

The boys go away to WW II. The father sells the farm and moves to closer to the town. When the war is over, the boys return. Jim goes to the University while his brother joins the father on the farm. Once when discussing the War, the elder brother says that he had no fond memories to focus on in the battlefield but Jim says that for him, the old farm was just that, a place of happy returns. His bother feels jealous about Jim’s happy memories.

Summary

The story is about a family that moves into a farm that they buy cheap as it has not been productive. For the father owning land had been a compulsion as his father had not owned land but worked as a laborer. Of the two boys in the family, the older one, who is the narrator, is the outdoorsy kind, much like the father. The younger boy is not sturdy and he prefers the company of his mother and spends more time inside the house. It’s hard work milking the herd and the father cultivates only the flat land considering the hills behind a nuisance. Jim and his elder brother roam the countryside exploring caves on Sundays. Once, Jim finds greenstones adzes and also a human skull in the caves. He leaves the skull behind but brings home the adzes. The boys surmise that at some time Maoris must have inhabited those parts. When the father sees the adzes later his only thought is how much they could be worth. He does not consider the possibility of the land having belonged to the Maoris.

When the Depression is on them, the father finds the farm to be less profitable and he considers the prospect of setting it and moving. He stays on, not because any special love he feels for the land but because he has invested money and labor on it. One day a group of Maoris visit the farm. They carry with them, in a litter, an old man. They say that, the old man, a tribe elder was born on the hills behind the farm when the land belonged to the Maoris. He wishes now, when he is close to death, to see the place of his birth once again. The father is thoroughly perplexed but Jim is understanding and offers them the greenstone adzes which he believes belonged to the tribe. The Maoris depart to the hills with the old man. Jim goes with them. Sometime during the night the old man dies and his people bury him on the mountain. Jim comes home with an account of how the Maoris lived in the area until the whites came in and defeated them. But they still consider this land to be their home. The father now begins to comprehend what land means to some people.

The boys go to the Second World War. The father sells the farm and moves closer to the cities. The boys return after war and Jim leaves for the University while the older boy joins his father on their new farm. Once during a discussion about coping with war, the elder brother says he had no happy memories to focus on during war. But Jim says, for him, their old farm was Te Wahiokoahoki, the place of happy return. The brother feels jealous that he could never feel that way.

More analysis

Videos that will help you understand the story and analyse it

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Questions to think and reflect

1  Describe the early farm after the father bought it ‘for a song’. Who were the ‘people   before’?

2  What do we get to know about the father’s character and that of the mother and the   two boys?

Find some lines to quote which typify each character.

3  Towards the end of part 1, Jim goes to the abandoned hill area. He finds a cave with   adzes and also a human skull. What is the father’s attitude to the adzes? What does   the author hint at now about ‘the people before’?

4  This part opens with a reference to the end of the depression. What year is that,   roughly?

5  In the first pages of this section explain how the father’s view of the land and his   work has changed.

6  On p 206 the mother says “perhaps they’ve got happy memories of this place”. After   reading  Part 2, how does this statement seem ironic?

7  Describe why the Maori family have come to the farm.

8  Re-read the last ten lines of part 2. Why does the son think his father might have said   or felt something else?

9  What action has completely astounded the father?

10  In what way have the brothers remained the same?

11  Re-read the conclusion to the story. Why does the older brother think that Jim has   ‘beaten’ him?

Write an essay for June 29

Explore the ways Maurice Shadbolt makes you sympathise with the narrator and Tom in The People Before. Support your ideas with details from the story.

OR

How do the writers of ‘The People Before’ AND ‘The Prison’ create, and make use of, the settings of their stories? Refer in detail to language, style and tone in your answer.

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For Heidi With Blue Hair: your analysis

After reading and analysing the poem together, I´d like you to do some insight and work on your own.

Check the following presentation and prepare a post in your blog!

Posted in 2018, Senior 1 2018 | Tagged | Leave a comment